“Black Hawk Down” is a simple phrase. After the passage of two decades, these three words summon images to my mind that, unbidden, give rise to rage, horror, and impotence. On October 3rd and 4th, 1993, two years after the Cold War was declared ‘over’, our military was in Somalia still fighting on a front the ten-month old Clinton administration considered important. The military was denied the support the field command requested. Black Hawk Down is a common name for the First Battle of Mogadishu, part of the larger operation Gothic Serpent to capture the Somali warlord, Mohamed Farrah Aidid. The Somali Maalintii Rangers lost many in this battle and, locally, refer to it as Day of the Rangers.
YouViewed/Editorial posted the following excellent piece on Mogadishu simply entitled Today Marks The 20Th Anniversary Of The Battle Of Mogadishu.
U.S. and UNOSOM Units involved in the battle:
Task Force Ranger, including :
- C Squadron, 1st Special Forces Operational Detachment-Delta (1st SFOD-D) — aka “Delta Force”
- Bravo Company, 3rd Ranger Battalion, 75th Ranger Regiment
- 1st Battalion, 160th Special Operations Aviation Regiment (Airborne) (The Night Stalkers) with MH-6J and AH-6 “Little Birds” and MH-60 A/L Black Hawks
- Combat Controllers and Pararescuemen from the USAF 24th Special Tactics Squadron
SEAL Team Six (four Navy SEAL operators)
CVN-72 U.S.Abraham Lincoln & Carrier Air Wing 11
Task Force-10th Mountain Division, including:
- 2nd Battalion, 14th Infantry Regiment,
- 1st platoon, C Company, 1st Battalion, 87th Infantry Regiment
- 15th FF Battalion, of the Frontier Force Regiment, Pakistan Army
- 19 Lancers of the Pakistan Army
United Nations Forces
19th Battalion, Royal Malay Regiment of the Malaysian Army
10th Battalion Baloch Regiment of the Pakistan Army, (less two companies who were held in reserve)
The size and organizational structure of Somali forces are not known in detail. In all, between 2,000-4,000 regular militia members are believed to have participated, almost all of which belonged to Aidid’s Somali National Alliance, drawing largely from the Habar Gedir clan.” But wait, there’s more!