Author: John Malch
The forty-six year era of ‘The Cold War’ from 1945 through 1991 was not just limited to the Eastern Hemisphere and countries behind the Iron and Bamboo curtains. The Western Hemisphere shares a lengthy cold war period with its opposite. Countries in Central America: Guatemala, El Salvador & Nicaragua and Panama; the island countries in the Caribbean: Cuba and Grenada. In South America: Brazil and Chile. All of these countries were involved with interventions or coups d’état in toppling governments during the Cold War.
Cold War in Latin America: Guatemala ~ 1954
a. A socialist government, elected in Guatemala, began land reforms which threatened the dominant role of U.S. based corporations.
b. In 1954, the CIA carried out a coup d’etat and turned the government over to a Guatemalan Army officer.
c. A military dictatorship, which received military aid and training from the U.S., terrorized the Indian population for forty years, killing more than 100,000 people.
For more information: http://www.coldwar.org/articles/50s/guatemala.asp